Whole grain-based products, fruits and vegetables are an excellent source of fibre and antioxidants. Researchers at Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia set out to determine the effects and benefits of the intake of whole grain products, fruits and vegetables in maintaining the treatment target among type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. The objective of this study was to identify the relationship between the level of soluble fibre intake and its effect on blood glucose control in type 2 DM patients.
A cross-sectional study was carried out involving type 2 DM patients (aged 30-75 years old) who were attending follow-up treatment in a diabetic clinic in Ipoh, Perak. A total of 110 patients participated in this study. Data collection was carried out using questionnaires, face-to-face interviews, anthropometrics (human measurements) and from a review of the patients’ medical records. Independent t-test and Pearson correlation analysis were used to compare mean fibre intake and to identify the relationship of the intake of whole grain products, fruits, vegetables and the achievement of the treatment target.
The findings of this study will enable the Ministry of Health, Malaysia to carry out intervention programmes for DM patients and also can be used by clinicians to encourage their patients to consume more soluble fibre to reduce the risk of DM and other chronic diseases. Food manufacturers would be able to obtain input on how to produce products that contain high soluble fibres.
The intake of whole grain based products, fruits and vegetables was found to be an effective diet practice in maintaining safe levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), low density lipoprotein- cholesterol (LDL-C), total cholesterol levels and body mass index (BMI) among type 2 DM patients. Thus it is important for DM patients to consume more soluble fibre in their daily meal.
Faculty of Health Sciences
UiTM Puncak Alam